Monday, June 13, 2016

Islam with Chinese Characteristics

PULITZER CENTER - June 7, 2016

China has two major Muslim minorities: the Hui, who speak Mandarin and live across China, and the Uighurs, who speak a Turkic language and are concentrated in Xinjiang, Western China. In Xinjiang, many Uighurs resent the Han migration, cultural assimilation and economic change that state-driven development has brought. Security crackdown and repression of speech, religion and assembly have exacerbated ethnic tensions, even as China accuses Uighurs of Islamic extremism and terrorist activity. Both state and civilian violence are escalating as China’s attempts to “control Islam” worsen Uighurs’ sense of marginalization.