Monday, May 30, 2016

Türk, Afgan ve Misirli Gazeteci ve Araştirmacilar, “Ipek Yolu’nda Xinjiang” Etkinliğine Katildi

Milliyet - 27 Mayıs 2016

USAK) Başkan Yardımcısı Prof. Dr. Selçuk Çolakoğlu, Çin ziyareti sırasında din özgürlüğünü yakından görme fırsatını bulduklarını ve halkın hem dinlerini öğrenme hem yaşama konusunda ciddi bir özgürlük ortamı olduğunu söyledi. Türkiye’den gazeteci, yazar ve araştırmacılar, Çin Uluslararası Radyosu (CRI) tarafından gerçekleştirilen “İpek Yolu’nda Xinjiang” adlı etkinlik kapsamında Xinjiang Uygur Özerk Bölgesi’nin merkezi Urumçi’de bulunan İlahiyat Fakültesi’ni ziyaret etti. Türk ziyaretçiler, fakültede lisans eğitimi gören öğrenciler ve müderrislerle temaslarda bulundu. Etkinliğe Afgan ve Mısırlı gazeteci ve araştırmacılar da katıldı. Uluslararası Stratejik Araştırmalar kurumu (USAK) Başkan Yardımcısı Prof. Dr. Selçuk Çolakoğlu, Xi’an ve Xinjiang’da Müslüman etnik gruplarla temaslarına ilişkin şu değerlendirmede bulundu: “Ziyaret sırasında Çin’de din özgürlüğünü yakından görme şansımız oldu. Tüm din mensuplarının hem dinlerini öğrenme hem yaşama konusunda ciddi bir özgürlük ortamı var, özellikle Hem Xi’an’da Hui Camii’nde, hem Urumçi’deki camide, hem de ziyaret ettiğimiz İslam Enstitüsü’nde görüşmelerimiz oldu. Din adamlarıyla görüştük, dini hayatlarında herhangi bir sıkıntıyla karşılaşmadıklarını söylediler.” Xinjiang İlahiyat Fakültesi 1987 yılında kuruldu ve Çin’deki 10 İslam enstitüsünden biri olarak son 29 yılda 800’den fazla mezun verdi. Beş yıllık lisans eğitimini tamamlayan öğrencilerin bir kısmı Xinjiang bölgesinde bulunan 24 bin camide imamlık yaparken, bir kısmı dini eğitim veren okullarda öğretmenlik yapıyor. Şu ana kadar fakülteye yaklaşık 300 milyon yuanlık (50 milyon ABD Doları) yatırım yapıldı. Xinjiang’daki dini personel ihtiyacının tamamen karşılanması için gelecek yıl yeni bir kampüs eğitime açılacak.


Sunday, May 29, 2016

Who Is Xi? by Andrew J. Nathan

Who Is Xi?

by Andrew J. Nathan    

CHINA FILE - May 12, 2016

More than halfway through his five-year term as president of China and general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party—expected to be the first of at least two—Xi Jinping’s widening crackdown on civil society and promotion of a cult of personality have disappointed many observers, both Chinese and foreign, who saw him as destined by family heritage and life experience to be a liberal reformer. Many thought Xi must have come to understand the dangers of Party dictatorship from the experiences of his family under Mao’s rule. His father, Xi Zhongxun (1913–2002), was almost executed in an inner-Party conflict in 1935, was purged in another struggle in 1962, was “dragged out” and tortured during the Cultural Revolution, and was eased into retirement after another Party confrontation in 1987. During the Cultural Revolution, one of Xi Jinping’s half-sisters was tormented to the point that she committed suicide. Jinping himself, as the offspring of a “capitalist roader,” was “sent down to the countryside” to labor alongside the peasants. The hardships were so daunting that he reportedly tried to escape, but was caught and sent back.
No wonder, then, that both father and son showed a commitment to reformist causes throughout their careers. Under Deng Xiaoping, the elder Xi pioneered the open-door reforms in the southern province of Guangdong and played an important part in founding the Special Economic Zone of Shenzhen. In 1987 he stood alone among Politburo members in refusing to vote for the purge of the liberal Party leader Hu Yaobang. The younger Xi made his career as an unpretentious, pragmatic, pro-growth manager at first in the countryside and later in Fujian, Zhejiang, and Shanghai, three of China’s provincial units that were most open to the outside world. In the final leg of his climb to power he was chosen in preference to a rival leader, Bo Xilai, who had promoted Cultural Revolution–style policies in the megacity of Chongqing.


Wednesday, May 25, 2016

Uighurs en route to Saudi Arabia detained with fake passports in Istanbul

ISTANBUL – Anadolu Agency - May/18/2016

Some 98 Uighur citizens from China’s Turkic-speaking Xinjiang region were caught with fake passports in Istanbul’s Atatürk Airport on May 17. The Uyghurs, holding fake Kyrgyz passports, were detained en route to Saudi Arabia, where they were set to perform the Umrah pilgrimage.
The passengers arrived in Istanbul from Urumqi, the capital of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of China, and entered Turkey after passport checks in the international arrivals terminal. The passengers then bought tickets to Northern Cyprus from the bureaus of several airline companies at the airport before passing through passport checks with their tickets.
Four people waiting in the transit hall, identified only by the initials K.T., A.S., K.A. and K.R., then gave the Uighurs fake Kyrgyz passports and pre-prepared boarding passes for Saudi Arabia’s Jeddah.
Police teams following the group detained the Uighur citizens and the four people who supplied them with the passports and boarding passes.
The four suspects waiting in the transit hall received 2,500 euros each from the Uighur citizens for the passports and $300 for the tickets, according to initial investigations.
The Uighurs were handed over to Istanbul Migration Administration officials for deportation, while the four other suspects were kept in detention.

Sunday, May 22, 2016

Arab-GCC ‘ties with China vital’

FROM LEFT: Rabeh Zaghouni, Degang Sun, Marwan Kabalan, Kadhim Niama and Wu Bingbing at Session One of ‘The Arab World and China: Future Prospects of Relations with a Rising Power’ conference at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Doha yesterday. Pic: Salim M / The Peninsula
By Mohammed Osman
DOHA: The Arab world has remained a “black hole” in the Chinese strategy for a long time, the ‘Arab World and China Conference’ at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel was told yesterday.
“Observers’ opinions over Chinese strategy are divided. Some deny that China has a grand strategy, while others believe China, like any other major power, has a global strategy.
“Agreeing with this, a third group sees that China has a grand strategy but it is ambiguous and unclear,” said Kadhim Niama, Editor of International Studies journal and Director, Center for International Studies at Baghdad University.
The release of ‘Chinese Arab Policy Paper’ in January this year stirred more debate over the content of the strategy which came ambiguous and general in many aspects, said Niama who presented a paper entitled ‘The Arab world within China’s global strategy’, at the conference titled ‘The Arab World and China: Future Prospects of Relations with a Rising Power’.
The strategy deals with Arab governments, not peoples, addresses common economic interests and cooperation, undermining support for human rights and democracy, he added.
The two-day conference brought together more than 40 researchers from China, the Arab world and beyond to discuss 30 research papers focusing on the world’s changing political and economic landscape and its effects on Arab-Sino relations.
The first session of the conference saw discussions on the Chinese strategy towards Arab, Arab’s status with the strategy and China’s approaches and policies towards the Arab Spring, and, more specifically, towards the Syrian crisis.
China’s strategy towards Arab countries is based on principles that include respect of sovereignty, integrity of territories, non-intervention, pursuit of political and peaceful solutions of conflicts, and the Chinese Veto regarding the current Syrian crisis should be seen in this context, said Wu Bingbing, Senior Research Fellow at Institute for International and Strategic Studies (IISS) at Peking University.
In his paper, Bingbing underlined that China’s strategy and policies in Arab World are built on common interests — political and economic and security cooperation — to fight extremism and terrorism, in addition to cultural interests enhancing dialogue of civilisations.
China’s view of the Arab World developed through stages from a region exporting ideology and revolutions to one promoting geo-economic and energy security, enhancing investment and guaranteeing markets for Chinese trade.
“With the booming economy of China, the Arab region has became more vital for China and its policy has changed to geopolitical one translated into soft military presence in the region to protect its economic interests,” said Rabeh Zaghouni, Lecturer in International Relations at Guelma University, Algeria.
China uses its soft military presence in Somali waters and is likely to build logistic military base in Djibouti, in addition to its participation in UN peacekeeping missions temporarily aiming at protecting its practical interests, but not to influence governments of the region, said Degang Sun, Professor at the Middle East Studies Institute, Shinghai, China. So far China does not need hard military bases in the Middle East as China perceives the region as a “market”, he added.
China is the second largest trade partner of the GCC states after the European Union and will be ranked first in the coming couple of years, said Timothy Niblock, Emeritus Professor of Middle East Politics at the University of Exeter.
He underlined the importance of placing GCC states into the wider network of cooperation and coordination which China is building across Central Asia and over the Indian Ocean. He said that this network includes roads, rail lines and oil pipelines aiming to link China and Europe in a vast Eurasian trading system with offshoots to other Asian countries and parts of Africa.

SPEAKERS - The Arab World and China Future Prospects of Relations with a Rising Power

May 21 - 22, 2016
Doha, Qatar
Session Four: China's Relations with Arab States

Ibtisam Mohammed Abed Yass: In 2013 China had invited Iraq to join its Belt and Road Initiative to secure both their interest
Amb.Ali Yousef Ahmad Alsharif: In the 1990s Sudan looked to the East(china) to breakout of its isolation imposed by the west
Ali Yousef Ahmad Alsharif: In the 1990s Sudan looked to the East(china) to breakout of its isolation imposed by the west
Ali Yousef Ahmad Alsharif: Talks about - relations since the 1950s
Abdelwahab El-Affendi a chair at the Institute for Studies commences the 4th session of the conference
Session Three: China's Relations with Non-Arab Regional Powers 
Manochehr Dorraj: Can’t speak about - relations without discussing role of .
Dorraj: and are both giants and important partners for .
Dorraj: played significant role in development of program in early stages.
Dorraj: For , because of steady threat of regime change, emerged as rescue boat.For , China was another partner among many
Dorraj: One Belt One Road is reaction of to trying to contain it.
Dorraj: is not a rising power - it has risen and has to act accordingly.
Keskin: has changed and transformed into rights argument.
Keskin: is most important factor in political, cultural & relations between and
Keskin: Since late1970s & have both moved towards more neoliberal policies
Tugrul Keskin discusses - relations in the crucible of modern @ our
Saeed Shafqat: has a new model of by linking it with and carried it forward in terms of exchanges.
Shafqat: OneBeltOneRoad is ’s counter strategy, with one fundamental difference that it links with
Shafqat: Important concern about that leadership perhaps had not anticipated is reaction of civil society in some countries.
Shafqat: Despite that is strong and well thought out plan, is encountering resistance.

George Jiuzhou Duan discusses the implication of Global Strategy Shift on Sino- Relations.
Duan: believes is trying to form unipolar hegemony in region.
Duan: Another concern is pursue promotion sometimes through regime change.
Duan: views the region as a tentative platform for common interests rather than divergence of interests.

The Arab World and China Future Prospects of Relations with a Rising Power May 21 - 22, 2016

May 21 - 22, 2016
Doha, Qatar

Saturday, May 21, 2016

China plays increasing role in global governance

By: Cheng Li and Zhang Niansheng

BROOKINGS - April 1, 2016 

Chinese President Xi Jinping is paying a US visit to attend the 4th Nuclear Security Summit. A US-based scholar noted that the trip not only shows China’s will to beef up cooperation with the rest of the world, but also signals that China, which has kept a low-profile, is ready to play a bigger role in global governance.  During the two-day summit starting from Thursday, President Xi will also meet with his US counterpart Barack Obama.  Li Cheng, director of the John L. Thornton China Center of the Brookings Institute, said that Xi’s second visit to Washington DC in six months highlights that the two major powers are seeking cooperation rather than confrontation.  The new type of major-power ties between the two nations, with win-win cooperation and mutual respect at its core, advocates collaboration rather than conflict, saidLi, explaining that such a relationship emphasizes a desire for cooperation.  He also pointed out that Xi’s attendance at the summit shows China's willingness to further collaborate with the international community. "His attendance will be greatly welcomed," Li stressed, adding that China now plays a crucial role in climate change, cyber security, nuclear security and global economic governance.


Wang Yi: "One Belt One Road" initiative achieves series of important early-stage harvest

Xinhua | 2016-05-22

ASTANA, May 21 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said that in more than two years, "One Belt One Road" initiative took off smoothly with a good beginning, and achieved a series of important early-stage harvests, during his interview with Chinese and Kazakhstan journalists in Almaty on May 21.
Wang Yi said "Silk Road Economic Belt" proposal was first put forward by Chinese President Xi Jinping in Kazakhstan. Later Xi proposed to build "21st-Century Maritime Silk Road" in Southeast Asia. The proposal of "One Road One Belt" is in accordance with people's common hope to develop and cooperate in different countries in Asia and Europe, and is in accordance with the world's trend of development. It is both a major step in China's all-round reform and opening-up under new historical circumstances, and a most important public-service provided by China to Asian and European continent. The important early-stage harvests of "One Belt One Road" initiative includes:
There is a rise in international consensus. More than 70 countries and organizations expressed their support and willingness to join, exceeding the traditional area of "One Belt One Road", essentially forming an international cooperation frame with extensive influences. At the same time, 34 countries and international organizations signed inter-governmental cooperation agreements with China to build "One Belt One Road", on the basis of which detailed cooperation plans will be formed. Last month, Wang represented Chinese Foreign Ministry and signed letter of intent for cooperation with United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, which has an important symbolic meaning.


Wednesday, May 18, 2016

A New Book: China and Islam: The Prophet, the Party, and Law

From: Matthew Erie Date: Tuesday, May 17, 2016 at 10:50 PM
Subject: Update - publications

Dear Colleagues,

I wanted to (shamelessly) update you on my recent publications.

First, my book, China and Islam: The Prophet, the Party, and Law is published by Cambridge University Press. The book is available for pre-order at the link below and on Amazon. I am attaching a flyer that includes a 20% discount (discount code: ERIE2016), and would be grateful if you would forward to your institutional library.

Here’s a short description:

China and Islam examines the intersection of two critical issues of the contemporary world: Islamic revival and an assertive China, questioning the assumption that Islamic law is incompatible with state law. It finds that both Hui and the Party-State invoke, interpret, and make arguments based on Islamic law, a minjian (unofficial) law in China, to pursue their respective visions of 'the good'. Based on fieldwork in Linxia, 'China's Little Mecca', this study follows Hui clerics, youthful translators on the 'New Silk Road', female educators who reform traditional madrasas, and Party cadres as they reconcile Islamic and socialist laws in the course of the everyday. The first study of Islamic law in China and one of the first ethnographic accounts of law in postsocialist China, China and Islam unsettles unidimensional perceptions of extremist Islam and authoritarian China through Hui minjian practices of law.

If you are interested in reviewing the book, please send requests directly to Cambridge University Press at the following link:

Second, my article, “Shari’a, Charity, and Minjian Autonomy in Muslim China: Gift-giving in a Plural World,” is forthcoming in American Ethnologist. 2016. 43(2): 1-14 (attached).


Matthew Erie
Matthew S. Erie, J.D., Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Modern Chinese Studies, Oriental Institute
Associate Research Fellow, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies
University of Oxford

Matthew's webpage
Matthew's SSRN page

China, Tunisia pledge to boost cooperation in trade, infrastructure

Xinhua | 2016-05-14

TUNIS, May 13 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said Friday China is ready to strengthen cooperation with Tunisia in such areas as infrastructure and industrial capacity, as well as expand two-way trade and investment.  Wang said this during his official visit to Tunisia, which comes after the 7th ministerial conference of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum (CASCF) held in Doha, Qatar.  The China-Tunisia relations have been developing smoothly since the two countries established diplomatic ties over 50 years ago, Wang said while meeting with Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi.  Wang said China, which follows the principle of no intervention in the domestic affairs of other nations, and has always insisted that all nations, big or small, should be equal, is willing to see and support that Tunisia follows a development path that conforms to its actual situation and is supported by its people.  Tunisia is a member of the Arab League and a major country in North Africa, its cooperation with China has great potential, and China is ready to work with it to explore new cooperation areas and approaches, Wang said.  Essebsi said he hoped the two countries could reinforce cooperation at various levels and discuss ways to expand cooperation.  He also welcomed more Chinese companies to invest in Tunisia, hoping they could play a key role in his country's infrastructure construction.


Wang Yi Pays Official Visit to Tunisia


On May 13, 2016 local time, President Beji Caid Essebsi and Prime Minister Habib Essid of Tunisia respectively met with visiting Foreign Minister Wang Yi.  Beji Caid Essebsi expressed that the peoples of Tunisia and China are good friends. It is believed that Foreign Minister Wang Yi's visit will promote Tunisia-China relations to embrace new development. It is hoped that both sides can strengthen exchanges at all levels, and discuss on expanding the scale of bilateral cooperation. He welcomes more Chinese enterprises to invest in Tunisia, and play a significant role in Tunisia's infrastructure construction.  Habib Essid noted that Tunisia-China relations are solid. Tunisia pays high attention to China, and hopes to share more opportunities brought by China's economic development. It is hoped that China can support and help Tunisia meet challenges in security, society and economy. He also hoped the two sides to strengthen cooperation in such fields as trade, investment, tourism and infrastructure.  Wang Yi said that China and Tunisia enjoy traditional friendship, and bilateral relations have always enjoyed smooth development. China supports Tunisia to explore a development path with Tunisian characteristics that conforms to its own national conditions and gains its people's support. China-Tunisia cooperation enjoys great potential and space. China is willing to adapt to the current new situation and new changes in accordance with Tunisia's development needs, expand new areas and new approaches for China-Tunisia cooperation, and translate the traditional friendship into impetus and achievements of practical cooperation as soon as possible, so as to jointly open up new prospects of China-Tunisia relations. China is willing to encourage Chinese enterprises to actively participate in bilateral cooperation in major infrastructure projects of Tunisia, and hopes that Tunisia can provide better investment and security environments to this end.  On the same day, Wang Yi held talks with Foreign Minister Khemaies Jhinaoui of Tunisia.

China and Algeria work towards encouraging Arab, African Ties

China is ready to work with Algeria to further develop its relations with the Arab world and with Africa, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said here Wednesday.

NEWS GHANA - May 12, 2016

Wang made the remarks during a meeting with Abdelkader Messahel, the Algerian Minister of Maghreb Affairs, African Union and the Arab League.
Both Wang and Messahel were in the Qatari capital to attend the 7th Ministerial Meeting of China-Arab Cooperation Forum, which is scheduled to open on Thursday.
Wang said Algeria, as a major African country and an important member of the Arab League, commands unique influence in regional and international affairs.
Algeria is at a crucial stage in its development and China stands ready to serve as the most reliable partner in the country’s efforts to diversify its economy, Wang said.
Messahel, for his part, said Algeria hopes to expand its role as the gateway to Africa and wants to further cooperate with China in the areas of infrastructure and nuclear energy, among others.
Wang also briefed Messahel on the historical facts about, and China’s principled position on, the South China Sea issue.


China, Arab countries vow to boost ties

DOHA, May 12, 2016 (Xinhua)

The China-Arab Cooperation Forum in Doha is underway. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi has held separate meetings with his counterparts from Algeria, Comoros, Lebanon and Yemen to discuss how to promote ties between China and the Arab world.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi (2nd R) meets with Yemeni Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Abdulmalik al-Mekhlafi (2nd L) in Doha, Qatar, May 11, 2016. Wang and al-Mekhlafi are in the Qatari capital for the 7th Ministerial Meeting of China-Arab Cooperation Forum, which is scheduled to open on Thursday.(Xinhua/Meng Tao)  Top diplomats vowed to enhance mutual political trust, and bilateral economic cooperation, namely in areas of infrastructure and nuclear energy. The foreign ministers of the four Arab countries also voiced their support to China on its South China Sea issue.

China to develop two Iranian giant oil fields

CIHAN  | BEIJING - 17.05.2016

Interview: Confucius Institutes enhance China-Egypt ties: director

Xinhua   2016-04-29

by Marwa Yahya

The Confucius Institutes have helped to boost China-Egypt relations by promoting mutual understating between the people of the two nations, an Egyptian Chinese academic professor said.
"The Confucius Institutes have achieved great objectives of making Egyptians understand China, and also gave Chinese people a better chance to understand the populous North African country," Rehab Mahmoud, director of the Confucius Institute at Cairo University, told Xinhua.
There are two Confucius Institutes in Egypt, one in the capital and the other in Suez Canal province, while 470 institutes and 800 Confucius classes have been established across the world.
Mahmoud said the mutual ties between Egypt and China go beyond signing trade and economic deals.
"We share historical background of solidarity and civilization, and we are peaceful people who never sought controlling other nations' wealth in terms of the colonialism and hegemony," she said.


China supports construction of new Egyptian capital with $15 billion

AFRICA NEWS - 10/05/2016

A major Chinese construction firm has sealed a deal with Egypt to partly sponsor an ambitious plan to build a new administrative and business capital for the north African country.
The project would make president Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi’s announcement in March 2015 more practical, giving that the Chinese state-owned company will support the project with $15 billion in loans, grants and memorandums of understanding, Chinese news agency Xinhua reports.
The $45 billion project would be constructed on 700 square kilometers of desert land.
The alliance was announced in January between Egyptian authorities and China State Construction Engineering Corporation. Neither side has however announced details of the agreement.
According to the Minister of Housing, Mostafa Madbouly, Egypt had launched the first phase of construction of its new capital east of Cairo in April.


Soft Power: China Backs Egypt’s New $45 Billion Capital

Deal to build new capital near Cairo is part of Beijing’s plans to boost business in emerging markets

By Tamer El-Ghobashy and Esther Fung


CAIRO—When President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi announced an ambitious plan to build a new administrative and business capital for Egypt on 270 square miles of desert land, many were understandably skeptical about the $45 billion project.
Today some of the skepticism over that March 2015 announcement has eased. One reason: an alliance announced in January between Egyptian authorities and China State Construction Engineering Corp. giving the Chinese-state owned business a major role in the project.
Neither side announced details of the agreement and it remains unclear whether the Chinese construction company, one of the world’s largest, has made a major financial commitment. But state media in Egypt reported that the deal was worth $15 billion in loans, grants and memorandums of understanding.
Moreover, there is now movement at the desert site about 30 miles east of Cairo. In early April, Egyptian construction companies commenced work to develop roads, sanitation and communication infrastructure that will underpin the massive undertaking, according to Mostafa Madbouly, the minister of housing.
“We will overcome any obstacle to implement this project,” Mr. Madbouly said in a written statement on the day the project broke ground.


Free trade agreement talks between GCC & China gain momentum

THE PENINSULA - May 16, 2016

The talks between GCC countries and China to reach a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) have gained momentum. Once implemented, the agreement will further boost cooperation and the volume of trade between the two sides.
“The GCC countries and China are currently negotiating a free trade agreement between both parties. There has been a number of negotiation rounds so far, during which a number of topics was discussed. Both parties have achieved good results in those rounds and are exerting efforts to complete the discussion of all topics and issues related to the agreement,” said Abdul Raheem Hassan Naqi, Secretary General of the Federation of GCC Chambers yesterday at a press conference held at the Qatar Chamber headquarters to announce the second edition of ‘Made in China Exhibition’.
He said that total value of the GCC exports to China was $101bn in 2014, equal to 11.7 percent of the total value of the GCC exports to the whole world for the same year. The total value of the GCC exports to China witnessed an increase in the period 2010-2014 with an annual growth average of 17.8 percent.


How Isolation Is Bringing China and Israel Together

By Stratfor - May 18, 2016

A China-Israel free trade agreement (FTA) makes a lot of economic sense. China is one of the world's leading manufacturing markets, while Israel is among the leaders in research and development (R&D). The Chinese want Israeli technology, and the Israelis want the cheaper consumer goods that the Chinese can make. The countries' economic relationship has expanded, with bilateral trade climbing to nearly $11 billion in 2015 from $50 million in 1992, and an FTA would accelerate the process.
It is no surprise, then, that the two recently launched formal negotiations on such a deal. Fewer trade barriers would be good for both sides, but there are also political and supply chain concerns pushing them together.
An FTA between China and Israel would enable Israel to import cheap consumer goods from China such as machinery and electronics, and China would be encouraged to purchase more of Israel's high-end goods. Under an FTA, it is estimated that exports of Israeli goods to China would be 39 percent higher than in 2015, and China would be expected to export 24 percent more goods to Israel for a total trade increase of almost 30 percent. Israel would see the most immediate benefit because of the difference in scale between the countries' economies. Israeli gross domestic product would increase by 0.13 percent from 2015 numbers, whereas it would increase the Chinese GDP by only 0.003 percent.


Chinese FM to visit three central Asian countries

Editor: zhenglimin 丨Xinhua  05-18-2016

BEIJING, May 18 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi will visit Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan on May 21-24, Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei made the announcement on Wednesday.
Wang will pay the visit as guest of Kazakh Foreign Minister Yerlan Idrisov, Kyrgyz Foreign Minister Erlan Abdyldaev, and his Uzbek counterpart Abdulaziz Kamilov, Hong told a daily press briefing.
Wang will attend a meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Foreign Ministers in Uzbekistan, said Hong.

"2. İpek Yolu'nda Xinjiang" etkinliğinin Xinjiang etabı başlıyor

CRI - China Radio International -  2016-05-18

"2. İpek Yolu'nda Xinjiang" etkinliğinin 9 Mayıs'ta Çin'in Sha'anxi eyaletinde başlayan birinci etabı dün sona erdi. Etkinlik, bugünden (18 Mayıs) itibaren Xinjiang Uygur Özerk Bölgesi'nde devam edecek.  Etkinliğe katılan Türk, Afgan ve Mısırlı gazeteci ve araştırmacılar, eski İpek Yolu'nun başlangıcı olan Xi'an kentinden başlayarak, Sha'anxi eyaletini kültürel, sosyal, ekonomik ve dini açılardan tanıdı, yerel halkla ve Çinli meslektaşlarıyla temaslarda bulundu. Katılımcılar, 25 Mayıs'a kadar sürecek gezinin ikinci etabında Xinjiang Uygur Özerk Bölgesi'nde yaşayan etnik azınlıkların hayatını ve kendilerine has kültürlerini tanımakla beraber, bölgede yer alan birçok önemli ekonomik, kültürel ve dini merkeze ziyarette bulunacak.  Uluslararası Stratejik Araştırmalar Kurumu (USAK) Başkan Yardımcılığı ve Asya-Pasifik Araştırmalar Merkezi Başkanlığı görevlerini yürüten Prof. Selçuk Çolakoğlu, Sha'anxi eyaleti ve Xi'an kentinin Türkiye'de yeterince tanınmadığını ifade etti. Türk halkının gözünde Çin'in tek standart çerçevesinde ele alındığını, ülkenin kültürel ve ekonomik farklılıkları ve fırsatlarının bilinmediğine dikkati çekti.  Türk halkının gözünde Çin'in yalnızca Beijing ve Shanghai'dan ibaret bir yer olarak görüldüğünü belirten Çolakoğlu, "Xi'an'ın Türkiye'deki kültüre doğrudan dokunabilecek bir özelliği var, yani İpek Yolu'nun başlangıç noktası Xi'an ise, önemli bir bitiş noktası da Türkiye, Anadolu coğrafyası. Dolayısıyla bu anlamda iki ülke arasında kültürel bir köprü kurulması, buradaki çok kültürlülüğün ve ekonomik fırsatların tanıtılması Türkiye açısından önem taşıyor. Tabi bunu tüm Çin için yapmak lazım. Çin'in farklı eyaletlerinin değişik yönleriyle, fırsatlarıyla, özellikleriyle Türk toplumuna anlatılması gerekiyor." diye konuştu.  Öte yandan, Ortadoğu Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi uzmanı Muhammet Çakmak, etkinliğin Sha'anxi eyaletinde gerçekleştirilen bölümünde en çok Shimen Yolu'ndan etkilendiğini ve Xi'an Ulu Camii'nde Çinli Müslümanlarla birlikte Cuma namazı kılmanın kendisini çok heyecanlandırdığını belirterek, şunları ekledi:  "Bu kadar görkemli bir camide bin yılı aşkın bir süredir dini hoşgörüyü ve çoğulculuğu içerisinde barındıran Çin toplumunun Müslüman üyeleri arasında Cuma namazı kılmak da beni çok heyecanlandırdı. Bu durum, aynı zamanda Çin topraklarında insanların nasıl özgürce inançlarına sahip çıktığını ve ibadet edebildiğini de açıkça ortaya koymuştur. Çinli Müslümanlarla birlikte Cuma namazında okunan dualar ve gerçekleştirilen ritüeller büyük heyecan vericiydi ve dilimiz farklı olsa da o kardeşliği, o duygudaşlığı ve o manevi havayı bütün içtenliğimle yaşadım."

Khamenei during a visit to China's Great Wall in 1989

Monday, May 16, 2016

Turkish-Chinese Relations in the Crucible of Modern Uyghur Nationalism - Tugrul Keskin

Turkish-Chinese Relations in the Crucible of Modern Uyghur Nationalism 

Tugrul Keskin

Conference Presentation:

Turkey was formed out of the ashes of Ottoman Empire, as a nation whose foundations are built on secularist and modernist tendencies, as was the common trend in the Middle East in the early 1920s. By comparison, China was established with a hybrid of socialism and nationalism; a combination which served as a reaction to and against British and American imperialism. In addition, the roots of the unification of China arose from in the Maoist revolution in 1949. Both countries tried to modernize their societies by using state-centered economic systems. However, this changed in the late 1970s, and China and Turkey have since then both moved towards more neoliberal economic development policies and practices in order to manage within the globalized era. Turkey did not recognize the PRC until 1971 and there were limited relations between two countries. Then from 1971 to 1982, as a result of the Cold War, Turkey did not have an official policy toward China; however, in1982, former military dictator Kenan Evren visited China and met with Chinese officials and the military establishment. After Evren’s visit, and helped by Chinese move towards neoliberalism era in the global arena, relations between two countries transformed, driven by ordinary business and economic cooperation. Relations between the two countries seem to be based on two important dimensions; trade, primarily in the manufacturing sector and Turkey’s NATO membership. However, many scholars forget to emphasize another important – perhaps the most important - aspect in this complicated and multidimensional relationship; Uyghur Nationalism. Neither China nor Turkey can avoid this issue in dealing with each other. Trade relations, foreign affairs, cultural exchange and all of the aspects of the relationship between China and Turkey are impacted by Uyghur Nationalism and the related dynamics of Pan-Turkism. In this presentation/article, I argue that Uyghur Nationalism is in fact the most important factor in the political, cultural and economic relationship between the two nations.

International Conference: The Arab World and China - Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies - Doha, QATAR - May 21 - 22, 2016

The Arab World and China
Future Prospects of Relations with a Rising Power
May 21 - 22, 2016 

Day One May 21, 2016
Opening Remarks
Session One: Chinese Strategy in the Arab Region
Chair: Marwan Kabalan
Wu Bingbing : China’s Policy towards the Arab World: Foundations and Elements Kadhim Niama: The Arab World within China's Global Strategy
Degang Sun: China’s Soft Military Footprints in the Middle East
Rabeh Zaghouni: China's Transformed View of the Arab World: from Global Economics to Geopolitics
Coffee Break
Session Two: Historical and Cultural Aspects
of the Sino-Arab Relationship
Chair: Faleh Al-Hajri
Moain Sadeq: Sino-Arab Relations and Maritime Trade: from the Seventh to the Tenth Centuries Gao Youzhen: Sino-Arab Relations: Partnership Throughout History
Zakaria Sadek El-Refaiey: The Islamic Revival Movement in China (1912-1949) Chamseddin Alkilani: Medieval Arab Appreciation for Chinese Wisdom and Organization
Lunch Break
Session Three: The "Belt and Road" and Sino-Arab Economic Interaction
Chair: Hassan Aly
Laurence J. Brahm: One Belt One Road and the New Consensus Jonathan Fulton: China’s One Belt One Road and the GCC
Ayman Al Hammad: The New Silk Road and Prospects for Cultural Exchange: Obstacles and Challenges
Samir Seifan: Economic Development: Comparative Approaches of China and the Arab States
Coffee Break
Session Four: A Reading of Sino-Gulf Relations
Chair: Khalid Al-Jaber
Timothy Niblock: Situating the GCC in China’s Transforming Role in Asia Mohammed Al-Sudairi: Sino-Saudi Relations: in Need of a Different Narrative? Hassan Aly: Unlimited Supplies of Labor: a Comparison of the Gulf and Chinese Experiences
Hamed Al Abdullah and Hasan Johar: The Role of the Media and Public Diplomacy in Bolstering China-Kuwait Relations
Day Two May 22, 2016
Session One: China's Position on the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Chair: Mohammed Al Misfer
Ezzat Shahrour: Transformations in Chinese Public Attitudes towards the Arabs and the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Mahmoud Muhareb: China-Israel Relations since the End of the Cold War Mansur Hou Yuxiang: The Belt and Road: Deepening China's Role in the Middle East
Abdulhamid Shalabi: China and the 1956 "Suez Crisis": Reading into the Egyptian Foreign Ministry Archives
Peace Process
Coffee Break
Session Two: Chinese Policy towards the Arab Spring
Chair: Burhan Ghalioun
Jin Liangxiang: China's Policy Toward the Arab World in the Changing Regional Context I-wei Jennifer Chang: Evolution of Chinese Policies on the Syrian Conflict
Ho Wai-Yip: How China thinks about Yemen: Towards a Responsible Policy in the Middle East
Jie Wang: Sino-Libyan Relations in the post-Jamahiriya Era: the Logic of Exploring Overseas Market(s)
Coffee Break
Session Three: China's Relations with Non-Arab Regional Powers
Chair: Ayman Al Hammad
Manochehr Dorraj: China's Relations with Iran and Saudi Arabia: a Delicate Balancing Act
Tugrul Keskin: Turkish-Chinese Relations in the Crucible of Modern Uyghur Nationalism
Saeed Shafqat: China’s Rise: How is it Impacting the Gulf, Iran and Pakistan? George Jiuzhou Duan: The Implication of US Global Strategy Shift on Sino-Gulf Relations
Lunch Break
Session Four: China's Relations with Arab States
Chair: Abdelwahab El-Affendi
Ali Yousef Ahmad Alsharif: China-Sudan Relations: Partnership or Dependency? Ibtisam Mohammed Abed Yass: China's Policy towards Iraq Since 2003 Mahmoud Zakaria Ibrahim: China-Egypt Relations Since the End of the Cold War Asmaa Ben Musheirah: Chinese Soft Power in Algeria: Mechanisms and Future Prospects
Coffee Break
Roundtable Discussion
Chairs: Imad Mansour and Mohammed Al-Sudairi