As part of his visit to Uzbekistan, Chinese President Xi Jinping is due to tour the city of Bukhara, an important stop on the ancient Silk Road.
Reminders of China's historical contact with central Asia can still be seen in Bukhara.
Situated in southwestern Uzbekistan, Bukhara has been inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List. The organization describes Bukhara as the "most complete example of a medieval city in Central Asia."Human activities in the region can be traced back some 4-thousand years.
However, Bukhara native and historian Robert Almeev says its Chinese historical records provide crucial details to understanding the region's development.
" This region was not named Bukhara until 5th Century BC. Bukhara refers to not just the city, but also the entire region. After the Arab conquest, large amounts of historical records were destroyed. So to understand this region's history, we have largely relied on ancient Chinese texts, such as those from China's Han, Tang and Wei Dynasties. These records have played an integral role in helping us to understand the history of this region, and even that of our country. "