Monday, October 30, 2017

Trump Visit to China and US-China Relations

What Xi Jinping’s power play means for U.S.-China relations 
PBS - Oct 25, 2017 
The Communist Party congress ended with the anticipated reveal of China's new leadership, but no clear successor to President Xi Jinping was named. With his ideology now enshrined in the party's constitution, Xi is solidifying his grip on power. John Yang speaks with Christopher Johnson of the Center for Strategic and International Studies about what this means for China.

China versus the Washington Consensus
China's economic growth is challenging long-held assumptions
by Adair Turner
EDINBURGH – In 2013, Chinese President Xi Xinping heartened many Western economists by committing to a “decisive role” for the market within China’s economy. Four years on, expectations of significant market-oriented reform have been dashed, and state influence over the economy has significantly increased. Yet the Chinese economy continues to grow rapidly and will likely continue to do so. If it does, longstanding assumptions about the optimal balance of state and market mechanisms in driving economic development will be severely challenged.

China’s New Helmsman
Where Xi Jinping Will Take the Middle Kingdom Next
By Rebecca Liao
Foreign Affairs - October 30, 2017
When Deng Xiaoping opened China to the world in the 1980s, the awe-inspiring economic growth he unleashed canonized him both within the Chinese Communist Party and the country’s history. But four decades of remarkable growth eventually slowed, weighted down by rampant corruption, widespread anger toward environmental pollution, and a social fabric torn by the stress of capitalistic life. It was only a matter of time before a leader would come around to challenge Deng’s formidable legacy.

Beijing warns US against trying to contain China’s rise
Trump’s plans for ‘Indo Pacific’ strategy bring rebuke from ambassador
by Shawn Donnan and Katrina Manson in Washington
Financial Times – October 31, 2017
China has fired back at the Trump administration’s plans for a new “Indo Pacific” strategy to counter Beijing’s growing economic and security hold on the region, warning that the world’s two biggest powers should not be treating their rivalry as a “zero-sum game”. Speaking ahead of a visit to Asia by President Donald Trump later this week, the Chinese ambassador to Washington warned that any US effort to contain China’s rise or intervene in the South China Sea would be viewed with scorn by Beijing.

Xi Jinping's newfound strength obscures China’s political risks 
Brahma Chellaney  
The National - October 28, 2017 
China is at a turning point in its history, one that will have profound implications for the rest of the world, but especially for Asia and the Middle East.  The just-concluded 19th Chinese Communist Party congress sanctioned president Xi Jinping’s centralisation of power by naming no clear successor to him and signalling the quiet demise of the collective leadership system that has governed China for more than a quarter century.  By enshrining “Xi Jinping thoughts on Chinese-style socialism in a new era” in its constitution, the party has made this new “ideology” – just like Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong’s thoughts – compulsory learning for Chinese students at all levels. 

What Will a Powerful Xi Mean For the China-U.S. Relationship? 
Paul Haenle      
Carnegie-Tsinghua - October 25, 2017 
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) concluded its 19th National Congress this week, where it amended its constitution, set policy priorities, and selected new members to serve in its highest leadership bodies—handing Chinese President Xi Jinping political power not seen since Mao Zedong was in charge of the country.  While the congress largely focused on domestic policy, the key announcements will be studied carefully in capitals around the world—especially in Washington. 

What the Return of Quadrilateral Says About India and Emerging Asian Geopolitics 
C. Raja Mohan      
Carnegie-India - October 30, 2017 
Some ideas are not easily killed. The proposal for quadrilateral cooperation among India, Japan, Australia and the United States may be one of those. The concept is inextricably linked to China’s emergence as a great power, second only to the United States. The fear of China’s growing unilateralism drives Asian nations to reduce the regional imbalance by banding together. But the attractions of doing business with China and the dangers of provoking it limit the impulses for collective action against Beijing. 

Great Red Fleet: How China Was Inspired by Teddy Roosevelt  
James Holmes  
National Interests - October 30, 2017 
Theodore Roosevelt was an avowed Mahanian. He was also a closet Maoist! Or at least, his convictions about strategies for lesser competitors ran parallel to those made popular by Mao Zedong during the Chinese Civil War and Second Sino-Japanese War, as transposed to marine warfare by the Great Helmsman’s saltwater-minded successors.

Washington Has a Bad Case of China 
By Daniel Kliman, Zack Cooper
Foreign Policy | October 27, 2017 
As global attention fixes on the Trump administration’s North Korea and Iran policies, the White House is preparing for another consequential policy shift that’s gone almost unnoticed in comparison — this time on China. Reports suggest the Trump administration will soon adopt a more hard-edged strategy toward China’s unfair trade practices and pursuit of American technology, among other issues. In theory, this would represent a major departure from how the United States has approached China, now the world’s second-largest economy and military spender.

U.S.-China relations, 6 months into the Trump presidency 
Still in search of a strategy 
Jeffrey A. Bader, David Dollar, and Ryan Hass 
Brookings - Monday, August 14, 2017 
Through its first six months, the Trump administration has concentrated on two issues in its relationship with China: North Korea and trade. While it has secured Chinese buy-in for a new diplomatic framework for dialogue, the administration does not appear to have settled on an overarching China strategy. So far, there have been no major speeches or articles by senior foreign affairs officials on China or Asia, with the partial exception of an address by Defense Secretary Mattis in Singapore on regional military issues.