Andrew J. Nathan and Andrew Scobell
Columbia University Press - 2012
Despite its impressive size and population, economic vitality, and drive
to upgrade its military, China Though rooted in the present,
Nathan and Scobell’s study makes ample use of the past, reaching back
into history to illuminate the people and institutions shaping Chinese
strategy today. They also examine Chinese views of the United States;
explain why China is so concerned about Japan; and uncover China’s
interests in such problematic countries as North Korea, Iran, and the
Sudan. The authors probe recent troubles in Tibet and Xinjiang and
explore their links to forces beyond China’s borders. They consider the
tactics deployed by mainland China and Taiwan, as Taiwan seeks to
maintain autonomy in the face of Chinese advances toward unification.
They evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of China’s three main power
resources—economic power, military power, and soft power.
authors conclude with recommendations for the United States as it seeks
to manage China’s rise. Chinese policymakers understand that their
nation’s prosperity, stability, and security depend on cooperation with
the United States. If handled wisely, the authors believe, relations
between the two countries can produce mutually beneficial outcomes for
both Asia and the world.
remains a vulnerable nation surrounded
by powerful rivals and potential foes. Understanding China’s foreign
policy means fully appreciating these geostrategic challenges, which
persist even as the country gains increasing influence over its
neighbors. Andrew J. Nathan and Andrew Scobell analyze China’s security
concerns on four fronts: at home, with its immediate neighbors, in
surrounding regional systems, and in the world beyond Asia. By
illuminating the issues driving Chinese policy, they offer a new
perspective on the country’s rise and a strategy for balancing Chinese
and American interests in Asia.
Part I. Interest and Identity in Chinese Foreign Policy
1. What Drives Chinese Foreign Policy?
2. Who Runs Chinese Foreign Policy?
Part II. Security Challenges and Strategies
3. Life on the Hinge: China’s Russia Policy During the Cold War and After
4. Deciphering the U.S. Threat
5. The Northeast Asia Regional System: Japan and the Two Koreas
6. China’s Other Neighbors: The Asia-Pacific
7. China in the Fourth Ring
Part III. Holding Together: Territorial Integrity and Foreign Policy
8. Problems of Stateness: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan
9. Taiwan’s Democratic Transition and China’s Response
Part IV. Instruments of Power
10. Dilemmas of Opening: Power and Vulnerability in the Global Economy
11. Military Modernization: From People’s War to Power Projection
12. Soft Power and Human Rights in Chinese Foreign Policy
Part V. Conclusion
13. Threat or Equilibrium?